Ubuntu is an open-source operating system based on Linux that supports Computers, cellphones, and network servers. Canonical Ltd, based in the United Kingdom, created the system. The majority of the principles that are used to build Ubuntu software are based on open source principles.
Ubuntu (pronounced “oo-boon-too”) is the most famous Debian-based distribution of Linux. Ubuntu is a South African phrase that roughly means “humanity toward others.” The name nods to the Ubuntu program’s dedication to open-source application development practices. It’s free to download and edit, while contributions to the project are appreciated.
At first, Ubuntu appeared in 2004 and immediately made it to the top of the Distrowatch rankings due to its ease of installation and use.
GNOME is Ubuntu’s default desktop environment, an advanced interface with a robust search function for discovering all your apps and data. It works nicely with typical apps, including audio codecs, media players, and social media platforms.
Cinnamon, LXDE, XFCE, KDE, and MATE are among the other desktop environments offered in the package manager. Furthermore, specific Ubuntu versions should perform and interact well with desktop environments, including Lubuntu, Xubuntu, Kubuntu, and Ubuntu MATE.
Canonical, a significant firm, hires the core Ubuntu developers, who make money in various ways, including offering support services.
How to get Ubuntu?
Ubuntu is available for free download; moreover, two desktop versions of Ubuntu are available: long-term support (LTS) version that is maintained for five years and a standard release that comes out every six is only retained for nine months. The latest LTS version is Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa.
For those who prefer not to change their operating system regularly, the LTS edition of Ubuntu is a preferable option. Everything stays the same if feasible on LTS systems; only security and bug fixes updates are applied. Older LTS versions are available for download on the downloads page.
The standard Ubuntu version includes up-to-date software and a newly developed Linux kernel, resulting in improved hardware support. You also get the most recent versions of the applications you use daily. You’ll have the most current version of your favorite programs because the regular update refreshes quickly.
Features of Ubuntu:
Following are the features that make it prominent among other competitors:
- The Ubuntu desktop version supports all the standard Windows software, such as Firefox, Chrome, VLC.
- It works with an office suite called LibreOffice.
- Thunderbird, an in-built email program in Ubuntu, allows users to access email services like Exchange, Gmail, and Hotmail.
- There are a variety of free apps that allow customers to access and edit images, and manage and share videos.
- The unique intelligent search feature of Ubuntu helps the consumers to speed up the process of finding information.
- Last but not least, Ubuntu provides free access to all the users; that’s why Ubuntu has a large number of consumers.
Release Cycle of Ubuntu: Canonical releases Ubuntu twice a year, between April and October. The year that the software was launched is commonly marked by the version number. i.e., Version 14.04 indicates that it was launched in 2014 and in April. Likewise, version 20.04 indicates that it was launched in 2020 and in April. Each year, the April version is more reliable, and the October release is more experimental with advanced functionality.